Nonessential & Nonessential Amino Acids of Laminine
Laminine has more than 22+ important amino acids that are needed by our body. In the human body, 22 amino acids are naturally incorporated into polypeptides and are called proteinogenic or natural amino acids.
Of these, 20 are encoded by the universal genetic code, which simply means that there are 20 amino acids that your body cannot live without.
Amino acids are building blocks of protein. Laminine is a blend of Fertilized Avian Egg Extract + other protein ingredients that can supply the amino acids our body needs.
Basic 20 Amino Acids
The 20 amino acids that our body needs have 2 groups, referred to as essential and nonessential amino acids. 9 are essential amino acids that come from other sources such as diet or food supplements.
Eleven are non-essential, but 7 of those can be classified as “conditionally non-essential,” which means they can be produced by the body but under the condition that the person is healthy and is not affected by external elements such as pollution, chemicals, and chemically induced diet that affects the body’s ability to produce these amino acids.
Laminins’s 22+ Amino Acids
Laminine’s original formula initially used YTE or Young Tissue Extract, which technically has 20 complete amino acids; added to the formula are two other ingredients to make Laminine’s amino acids 22 plus a non-protein amino acid and other vitamins and trace minerals.
These amino acids and other ingredients are a proprietary blend called OPT9.
Non-essential amino acids play several important roles in your body. Along with essential amino acids, your body can incorporate them into new proteins as your cells need them.
However, these nonessential amino acids still depend a great deal on what you consume in your daily diet. In contrast, your body cannot manufacture essential amino acids, which is why you must include them in the foods you eat.
Amino acids occur in various levels of concentrations within different food groups. Generally, meat, dairy products, and seafood offer the best sources of amino acids because they are rich in protein.
There are also some plants, vegetables, and nuts which are also protein rich where we can get amino acids. Laminine contains essential amino acids that our body needs to repair itself.
31 Amino Acids (Essential, non-essential, byproduct combination)
* Laminine contains the non-protein amino acid Ornithine which is a nonproteinogenic amino acid that plays a role in the urea cycle. It stimulates the production of growth hormones in the pituitary gland. It has a significant role in kidney health.
Alanine is a simple amino acid involved in glucose breakdown for energy. It is created in muscle cells from glutamate through transamination.
It originates from DNA breakdown, dipeptides (anserine and carnosine), and the conversion of pyruvate in carbohydrate metabolism. =
It plays a crucial role in protein synthesis and is essential for the central nervous system and neurotransmitter formation. Additionally, alanine is necessary for maintaining proper blood glucose levels from dietary protein.
Arginine is a complex amino acid that is often found at the active (or catalytic) site in proteins and enzymes due to its amine-containing side chain.
Arginine is also involved in multiple areas of human physiology and metabolism; most notably, it moderates HGH and nitric acid production.
Arginine plays an important role in cell division, the healing of wounds, removing ammonia from the body, immune function, and the release of hormones.
Our kidneys convert ornithine into arginine, another amino acid that benefits your body in several ways. Arginine is a precursor for a compound called nitric oxide, which helps dilate your blood vessels when you require extra blood to your tissues.
Arginine also helps your muscle cells produce creatine, a compound they need to contract.
Asparagine is the -amide of aspartic acid synthesized from aspartic acid and ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Asparagine is one of the principal and frequently the most abundant amino acids involved in the transport of nitrogen.
It is very active in converting one amino acid into another (amination and transamination) when the need arises. Asparagine serves as an amino donor in liver transamination processes.
Aspartic acid is alanine, with one of the hydrogens replaced by a carboxylic acid group. Aspartic acid is a part of organic molecules containing an amino group, which can combine in linear arrays to form proteins in living organisms.
Although aspartic acid is considered a non-essential amino acid, it plays a paramount role in metabolism during the construction of other amino acids and biochemicals in the citric acid cycle.
Among the biochemicals that are synthesized from aspartic acid are asparagine, arginine, lysine, methionine, threonine, isoleucine, and several nucleotides.
Carnitine is a non-essential amino acid produced in the liver, brain, and kidneys from the essential amino acids methionine and lysine.
Carnitine is a nutrient responsible for the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the energy-producing centers of the cells (known as the mitochondria).
Carnitine is recommended as a daily supplement to help maintain the blood lipid profile and promote fatty acid utilization within the heart muscle.
Carnosine is a dipeptide composed of the covalently bonded amino acids alanine and histidine and is found in the brain, heart, skin, muscles, kidneys, and stomach.
Carnosine is a powerful natural antioxidant that acts as a universal antioxidant, providing protection to both cellular and biological membranes.
It safeguards lipids, water-soluble molecules like proteins (including enzymes), DNA, and other vital macromolecules from oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxides.
Creatine, a natural derivative of amino acid, is synthesized in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas from arginine, methionine, and glycine.
Its primary function is to enhance the availability of cellular ATP (adenosine triphosphate).
By donating a phosphate ion, creatine acts on ATP mechanisms, increasing its availability. It is stored in muscle cells as phosphocreatine and plays a crucial role in generating cellular energy for muscle contractions.
Citrulline is a precursor to arginine and is involved in the formation of urea in the liver. Arginine is a contributing member of the various amino acids found in the urea cycle, which is responsible for detoxifying ammonia.
Citrulline supports the body in optimizing blood flow through its conversion to l-arginine and then nitric oxide (NO).
Cysteine is a hydrophobic amino acid with a sulfhydryl group commonly present in proteins. It is a vital component in all living organisms. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), which contains cysteine, is the most commonly used form.
NAC aids in mucus breakdown and detoxification of harmful substances in the body. Both cysteine and NAC have been demonstrated to elevate levels of the antioxidant glutathione.
Cystine is formed through oxidation between the thiol side chains of two cysteine amino acids. It is not classified as one of the 20 amino acids.
This oxidized product is abundant in proteins like hair keratin, insulin, and digestive enzymes such as chymotrypsinogen A, papain, and trypsinogen.
Cystine plays a crucial role in stabilizing the tertiary structure of these macromolecules.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-essential amino acid that is derived from glutamic acid with the assistance of vitamin B6. It is widely distributed throughout the brain and is produced by the enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD).
GABA functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter, blocking the transmission of signals between cells in the central nervous system.
Glutamic acid is synthesized from various amino acids, including ornithine and arginine. Through amination, it forms the essential amino acid glutamine.
Due to the presence of a carboxylic acid group on its side chain, glutamic acid, along with aspartic acid, is one of only two amino acids that carry a net negative charge at physiological pH.
This negative charge gives glutamic acid high polarity, causing it to be predominantly located on the exterior of proteins and enzymes, allowing interaction with the surrounding aqueous intracellular environment.
Glutamine is one of the twenty amino acids generally present in animal proteins. Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body. Over 61% of skeletal muscle tissue is glutamine.
It contains two ammonia groups, one from its precursor, glutamate, and the other from free ammonia in the bloodstream. Glutamine is involved in more metabolic processes than any other amino acid.
Glutamine serves as a source of glucose when the body requires additional energy. It also helps maintain the appropriate acid/alkaline balance within the body.
Furthermore, glutamine is crucial for the synthesis of RNA and DNA, acting as the foundation for their building blocks.
Glutathione (GSH) is a tripeptide consisting of three amino acids: glutamate, cysteine, and glycine. It serves a variety of essential functions within cells.
Glutathione is involved in diverse biological processes, including protein synthesis, enzyme catalysis, transmembrane transport, receptor action, intermediary metabolism, and cell maturation.
One of its primary roles is acting as an antioxidant, protecting cells from oxidative stress. It helps to neutralize and trap free radicals that can potentially harm DNA and RNA.
Glycine is the simplest amino acid and lacks stereoisomers, making it optically inactive. It plays a crucial role in supporting the liver’s detoxification processes and aiding in the synthesis of bile acids.
Glycine has a sweet taste, which contributes to its use as a flavoring agent.
It is essential for the synthesis of various important compounds, including nucleic acids, bile acids, proteins, peptides, purines, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), porphyrins, hemoglobin, glutathione, creatine, bile salts, one-carbon fragments, glucose, glycogen, l-serine, and other amino acids.
Histidine is classified as a basic amino acid primarily due to its aromatic nitrogen-heterocyclic imidazole side chain. It serves as the direct precursor of histamine and plays a crucial role as a carbon source in purine synthesis.
Histidine is essential for the growth and repair of body tissues and the maintenance of myelin sheaths that protect nerve cells.
It contributes to the production of red and white blood cells and aids in protecting the body from heavy metal toxicity.
Additionally, histamine stimulates the secretion of the digestive enzyme gastrin.
Hydroxyproline is derived from the amino acid proline and is primarily found in structural proteins such as collagen, connective tissue in mammals, and plant cell walls.
Unlike most amino acids, hydroxyproline is not directly incorporated into collagen during ribosomal biosynthesis.
Instead, it is formed through a posttranslational modification, specifically enzymatic hydroxylation of proline. The presence of hydroxyproline is crucial for collagen’s stability and structure.
Collagen that lacks hydroxyproline is commonly referred to as pro-collagen.
Isoleucine belongs to a special group of amino acids called branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), which are needed to help maintain and repair muscle tissue. Leucine and valine are the other two branched-chain amino acids.
Isoleucine is an essential amino acid that is not synthesized by mammalian tissues. Isoleucine is needed for hemoglobin formation and also helps to maintain regular energy levels.
Isoleucine is important for stabilizing and regulating blood sugar and energy levels and is required through the diet as our bodies cannot produce it.
Leucine is a member of the branched-chain amino acid family, along with valine and isoleucine. The branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are found in proteins of all life forms.
Leucine ties glycine for the position of second most common amino acid found in proteins with a concentration of 7.5 percent on a molar basis compared to the other amino acids.
Leucine is necessary for the optimal growth of infants and for the nitrogen balance in adults.
Lysine is an essential amino acid with a net positive charge at physiological pH, classifying it as one of the three basic amino acids. Being essential means that it cannot be synthesized in the body, and its breakdown is irreversible.
Lysine is a fundamental building block for protein synthesis and is particularly important for growth and bone development in children. It aids in the absorption and conservation of calcium, contributing to its crucial role in maintaining proper bone health.
Lysine also plays a significant role in the formation of collagen, a vital component of connective tissues.
Methionine is an important amino acid that helps to initiate the translation of messenger RNA by being the first amino acid incorporated into the N-terminal position of all proteins.
Methionine supplies sulfur and other compounds required by the body for normal metabolism and growth.
Methionine also reacts with adenosine triphosphate to form S-adenosyl methionine, which serves as the principal methyl donor in the body.
S-adenosyl methionine is involved in the synthesis of various important substances, including epinephrine and choline.
Ornithine is a potent amino acid that stimulates the release of Human Growth Hormones from the pituitary gland. It exhibits anti-aging effects, potentially reversing aging by 10 to 20 years.
Ornithine has been studied for its ability to regenerate the thymus gland, liver, and heart tissue, promote muscle growth, and enhance immune system function.
Additionally, ornithine serves as a precursor for the amino acids citrulline, glutamic acid, and proline. It plays a significant role in the urea cycle and is involved in arginine biosynthesis as an intermediate.
Notably, ornithine is not directly incorporated into proteins and enzymes and does not have a codon in the genetic code.
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid that is also one of the aromatic amino acids that exhibit ultraviolet radiation absorption properties with a large extinction coefficient.
Phenylalanine is part of the composition of aspartame, a common sweetener found in prepared foods (particularly soft drinks and gum).
Phenylalanine plays a key role in the biosynthesis of other amino acids and some neurotransmitters.
Proline is a non-essential amino acid that is involved in the production of collagen and in wound healing.
Proline is the precursor for hydroxyproline, which the body incorporates into collagen, tendons, ligaments, and the heart muscle.
Proline plays an important role in molecular recognition, particularly in intracellular signaling. Proline is an important component in certain medical wound dressings that use collagen fragments to stimulate wound healing.
Serine is an amino acid that stands out due to its methyl side chain containing a hydroxy group, making it one of the two amino acids that also function as alcohols.
Serine plays a significant role in various biosynthetic pathways, including those related to pyrimidines, purines, creatine, and porphyrins.
It possesses sugar-producing qualities and exhibits high reactivity within the body.
Serine is found in high concentrations in cell membranes, where it contributes to the production of immunoglobulins and antibodies.
Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid that is classified as a non-essential amino acid since the body can synthesize it.
It works alongside glycine and gamma-aminobutyric acid as a neuroinhibitory transmitter, helping regulate neuronal activity.
Taurine also acts as a water-soluble antioxidant within the body, playing a significant role in combating oxidative stress.
Its primary antioxidant activity stems from its ability to scavenge hypochlorite, a reactive oxygen species.
Taurine is involved in various physiological functions and is important for overall health and well-being.
L-Theanine is the predominant amino acid in green tea and makes up 50% of the total free amino acids in the plant.
Theanine is considered to be the main component responsible for the taste of green tea. L-theanine is involved in the formation of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
GABA influences the levels of two other neurotransmitters, dopamine and serotonin, producing a relaxation effect.
Threonine is another alcohol-containing amino acid that can not be produced by metabolism and must be taken in the diet.
Threonine is an important component in the formation of protein, collagen, elastin, and tooth enamel. It is also important for the production of neurotransmitters and the health of the nervous system.
Tryptophan is an essential amino acid formed from proteins during digestion by the action of proteolytic enzymes. Tryptophan is also a precursor for serotonin (a neurotransmitter) and melatonin (a neurohormone).
Tryptophan may enhance relaxation and sleep, relieves minor premenstrual symptoms, soothes nerves and anxiety, and reduces carbohydrate cravings.
Tyrosine is synthesized metabolically from phenylalanine and serves as its para-hydroxy derivative.
It acts as a precursor for important adrenal hormones like epinephrine, norepinephrine and thyroid hormones such as thyroxine.
L-tyrosine exerts its effects on neurotransmitters and is utilized in the treatment of various conditions, including mood enhancement, appetite suppression, and stimulation of growth hormone (HGH).
Valine is a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) that is closely related to leucine and isoleucine both in structure and function. Valine is a constituent of fibrous protein in the body.
As a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), valine has been found useful in treatments involving muscle, mental, and emotional upsets and for insomnia and nervousness.
Valine may help treat malnutrition associated with drug addiction.